Card skimming – the process of electronically copying information from a card’s magnetic stripe and putting it onto an empty card – is fast emerging as the most common form of credit card fraud globally. With the successful adoption of EMV chip and PIN credit cards and card reading devices, countries such as the UK has recorded a major decline in card fraud in recent years.
According to a new forecast report from Timetric, credit card fraud in the UK has declined at a CAGR of 18.8 % since 2008 to value US$ 491.9 million in 2012. The main reason for this positive trend has been the introduction of EMV chip and PIN credit cards and card reading devices. Although card fraud is much higher in value terms in developed economies such as the US, the UK and France, these countries have been successful in limiting the growth of fraud by adopting advanced security measures, innovative products and strict regulations in order to prevent fraudulent activities. Emerging economies like China and Russia have lagged behind in introducing such measures and have therefore witnessed significant growth in card fraud.
Card skimming is the most common form of credit card fraud
Every year millions of dollars are lost around the world due to credit card fraud – and fraudsters are only getting more innovative and technological advanced in their hunt for credit card information. Card skimming is the most common form of credit card fraud globally, especially in countries where magnetic stripe cards are still in use. Fraudsters carry pocket skimming devices, which is a battery-operated electronic magnetic stripe reader that can be used to swipe customer’s cards to steal information encoded in it. Skimming devices can also be fitted into the swiping area of POS terminals and ATMs. Since cardholders normally feel safe in such payment situations and do not suspect any malicious activity to happen, skimming can be very difficult to trace. According to Timetric’s new report on trends and issues in managing credit risk cycle, the adoption of EMV chip and PIN credit cards has proven successful in preventing card fraud in the UK and other European countries.
China records largest growth in card fraud
Among the developed markets, the value of card fraud was highest in the US, growing at a CAGR of 2.9% to value US$3.55 billion in 2012. Among the emerging markets, the value of card fraud in China increased at a staggering CAGR of 36.3% to value US$173.3 million in 2012. China was followed by Brazil with a card fraud value of US$150.3 million in 2012 while, in terms of growth, Russia gained the second spot with a CAGR of 28.2%.
Timetric’s report, ‘2020 Foresight: Best Practices in Managing Credit Risk Cycle’ was published on the 29th April 2013